Constituent Assembly (Seimas) 1920 - 1922
Elected on 14-15 April 1920, in accordance with the procedure established by the Law on Elections of 1919
Convened on 15 May 1920 in Kaunas, provisional capital of the Lithuanian State
Gabrielė PETKEVIČAITĖ chaired the first sitting of the Constituent Assembly (Seimas)
149 representatives of the nation were elected
Aleksandras STULGINSKISwas elected Chairman of the Constituent Assembly (Seimas)
The Constituent Assembly (Seimas) which was elected on 14-15 April 1920 and convened on 15 May 1920, had, in fact, "to turn over a new leaf in history." The Constituent Assembly (Seimas) of 1920-1922 was rather young by its composition: twenty nine members were under thirty, and only eight of them were over 50. Christian Democrats had a majority - 59 seats, the Lithuanian Union of National Peasants had 28 seats and Social Democrats - 12 seats. Representatives of different ethnic minorities - Belarussians, Russians, Jews - had another 11 seats. It is worth mentioning that from the very start both men and women had the right to vote in Lithuania.
The Constituent Assembly (Seimas):
The Constituent Assembly (Seimas) passed approximately 150 laws, strenghtened the state's administrative system, and laid foundations of economic, social and cultural life of Lithuania. With the Constituent Assembly (Seimas) at the helm of the State, Lithuanias independence was recognised de jure by many countries of the world; moreover, it was admitted into the United Nations; and the function of legislation was systematised.
From October 1920 till February 1921, the Constituent Assembly (Seimas) was adjourned because of the Polish invasion which required the service of many representatives at the front. Prior to adjourning it had created the so called Small Seimas consisting of the Chairman and six members of the regular Constituent Assembly (Seimas) who were authorised to pass urgent laws and to resolve other crucial issues. The Constituent Assembly (Seimas) finished its work on October 6, 1922.