Lietuvos Respublikos Seimas

G. Babravičiaus komandiruotės į Vokietijos Federacinę Respubliką (2003 10 6-9) ataskaita

Š.m. spalio 6-9 dienomis Seimo valdybos sprendimu Nr. 1663 buvau komandiruotas į Berlyną dalyvauti Europos nacionalinių parlamentų narių 6-oje konferencijoje informacijos ir komunikacijos technologijų klausimais.

Konferencijoje, Vokietijos Bundestago prezidento p. Wolfgang Thierse kvietimu, dalyvavo 67 delegatai iš 24 Europos Sąjungos šalių bei šalių kandidačių.

Dvi dienas buvo diskutuota apie informacijos ir komunikacijos technologijų panaudojimą parlamentų darbe, jų vystymąsi bei ateities perspektyvas.

Didelis dėmesys buvo skirtas praktiniams aspektams. Buvo pasidalinta pasiekimų, naudojant IT sistemas Europos parlamentuose, patirtimi, demonstruojama, kaip tai veikia praktiškai. Vyko diskusijos apie elektroninių dokumentų panaudojimą, jų įtaką elektroninės įstatymų leidžiamosios valdžios vystymuisi. Diskutavome ir apie komunikavimo su piliečiais tobulėjimą.

Tai 6-oji tokio pobūdžio konferencija. Ankstesnės konferencijos buvo skirtos informacinių technologijų panaudojimo įstatymų leidžiamojoje valdžioje problemų sprendimui, elektroninės demokratijos parlamentuose iššūkiams, informacinės visuomenės, kuri atvira visiems, švietimui,

reikalavimų ir naujų darbo vietų galimybių naujoje ekonomikoje klausimams bei elektroninės komercijos aspektams.

Dalyviai pažymėjo, kad ITT panaudojimo parlamentuose progresas, lyginant su pirmąja 1999 metais vykusia konferencija, akivaizdus.

Konferencijos metu pasisakiau tema “Europos demokratijos progresas: Lietuvos Parlamento informacinės sistemos” (pridedu).

Kitų metų tokio pobūdžio konferencija įvyks Švedijoje, dar kitais ją surengti pretenduoja Vengrija.

Siūlau mūsų Seimo valdybai apsvarstyti galimybę kviesti Europos parlamentarus 2006 m..

Užmegzti kontaktai (pridedu).

Gintautas Babravičius

Užmegztų kontaktų sąrašas, pasisakymo tekstas saugomi Tarptautinių ryšių skyriuje

8 OCTOBER 2003, 12.30 a.m.

European Conference of Members of National Parliaments on Information and Communication Technologies, Berlin, 8 October 2003

Final declaration

On October 7 and 8, 67 delegates of 24 European parliamentary assemblies from the European Union and the Newly Acceding Countries met in Berlin, at the invitation of Mr Wolfgang Thierse, President of the German Bundestag. Over two days, they discussed new developments and future prospects for the use of information and communication technologies in parliamentary workflows. Large parts of the discussion were dedicated to the exchange of experience and demonstration of good practice. Earlier conferences were dedicated to issues such as the use of ICT to improve legislation and communication with citizens, the challenges of eDemocracy for parliaments, training and education for an information society which is open for all, skills requirements and new employment opportunities in the new economy, and regulatory aspects of eCommerce. These conferences took place in Spring 1999 at the invitation of the Assemblée Nationale in Paris, in Spring 2000 in the Greek Parliament in Athens, in Autumn 2000 in the House of Commons in London, and in Autumn 2001 in the Finnish Eduskunta and in the Riigikou of Estonia. In 2002 the conference was hosted jointly by the Chamber of Representatives of Belgium and the Belgian Senate in Brussels.

The debates among the delegates focused on the exchange of experience on the IT systems currently used in European parliaments, electronic documents as tools in the parliamentary workflow, new developments in electronic legislation and improving communication with citizens. The progress made in the parliamentary use of ICT since the first conference in 1999 is considerable. Currently, it is essential to push forward the application of information and communication technology for all MPs in order to enhance the possibilities offered by ICT to facilitate routine work and to allow a greater focus on citizens and their needs.

The discussion showed that the following areas need to be closely monitored by the parliamentarians in order to ensure a beneficial development from representative democracy to the new eDemocracy:

 Reinforcement of efforts to facilitate the work of all MPs through ICT

 The need to further strengthen parliamentary democracy

 Better involvement of citizens in political and democratic processes

 Open standards

 Support to cope with the volume of e-mails

 Mutual exchange between politics, business and society on Information Society issues

Reinforcement of efforts to facilitate the work of all MPs through ICT

Although most parliaments are equipped with state-of-the-art technology, the uptake of new ICTs, from laptop to PDAs, among parliamentarians is sometimes lower than among professionals in the private sector. Parliamentarians are often subject to time constraints to find out about new technologies and to gain experience with new technologies. They have their own technology requirements in their working environment regarding technical communication, information retrieval on the Internet and Intranet as well as collaborative working on reports and policies. Therefore they have long strived for an appropriate use of the new technologies. Training should be offered to Parliamentarians which is adapted to their work rhythm and their working conditions.

Strengthening parliamentary democracy

Parliamentarians have to take an active and leading role in the transition to the information society and accompany the structural changes the information society will bring about. The new information and communication tools should be used to increase the understanding, interest and involvement of citizens in parliamentary activities. The new tools enhance communication channels for parliamentary purposes: digital videos and multimedia documents based on open standards may help to grant better quality to control the government and to offer citizens more attractive information.

The delegates are concerned about the decreasing levels of participation in all kinds of elections that have been observed recently. These can be seen as indicative of the low interest citizens have in politics. It was agreed that information and communication technologies can, in the long term, offer useful tools to reinforce the citizens’ interest in political issues, to make the Parliament more transparent as well as to increase participation in political decision-making. The assembly pointed out that considerable efforts have to be made with regard to technical, legal, educational and social aspects in order to enable online voting in the future, complementing traditional voting procedures.

The current form of parliamentary democracy should not be undermined by plebiscitary procedures which would only be beneficial to a minority of financially well-off citizens. The delegates welcome suggestions to use electronic voting tools in parliamentary voting procedures. Nevertheless, such procedures would continue to require the presence of the members in the Parliament in the future.

Better involvement of citizens in political and democratic processes

ICTs offer possibilities to improve citizens’ involvement in political decision- making processes. The Internet will not replace the role of elected representatives in articulating and transforming political interests but it will allow political institutions to be better informed about the interests of the citizens. Online consultations bring more information to the citizens and more transparency in the political process. In order to have better informed citizens, the information must be presented in a way which enhances citizens’ understanding of political action.

The delegates agreed that both aspects, participation and information, need to be considered when it comes to a new way of citizens’ involvement in political decision-making via the Internet.

Open standards

The assembly felt that a high priority should be given to the use of open standards such as XML and encourage the use of open source in a balanced software environment. This would ensure that all documents can be read by the greatest number of people both now and in the future. In order to achieve this Parliaments and Governments can insist that their software suppliers provide systems that conform to open standards. Support should also be given to the bodies that draw up, promote and maintain open standards.

Support to cope with the volume of e-mails

Parliaments should support their members when it comes to answering the huge amounts of e-mails that they receive daily

 by eliminating unwelcome messages through filters, additional e-mail addresses etc.

 by structuring and selecting the incoming messages.

The Parliaments are invited to provide their members with additional means keeping in mind that the sender of an e-mail expects an immediate and personal answer by his/her representative.

The conference should keep track of means and ways that would help cope with the increasing number of spam mails, by information technologies as well as by legislation.

Also the delegates agreed that their countries need to co-operate to achieve a better legislation on the Internet.

Mutual exchange between politics, business and society on Information Society issues

Science, technology and information society committees of national Parliaments as well as all other institutions dedicated to these issues should aim at a better mutual exchange with ICT companies. Such a consultation would improve the decision-making on Information Society issues considerably.

08/10/2003




Naujausi pakeitimai - 2003 10 31.
Eglė Lasauskaitė



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