S. Burbienės, J. Čekuolio, S. Dmitrijevo, A. Lydekos, D. Mikutienės, G. J. Mincevičiaus, J. Oleko ir V. Stankevičiaus komandiruotės į Prancūzijos Respubliką ataskaita( 2003 01 28-31 )
2003 metų sausio mėnesio 2731 dienomis Strasbūre (Prancūzija) vyko eilinė Europos Tarybos Parlamentinės Asamblėjos sesija, jos metu vyko ir Ekonominių reikalų ir plėtros komiteto posėdžiai.
Pirmoje metų sesijoje yra renkama komitetų vadovybė. Europos Taryboje kandidatūras siūlo politinės grupės. Socialistų politinė grupė, kurios narė aš esu, rekomendavo mane tapti Ekonominių reikalų ir plėtros komiteto vicepirmininke. Komitetas savo posėdyje tam pritarė.
Buvo suformuoti komiteto pakomitečiai. Aš pasirinkau tą patį pakomitetį, kuriame ir dirbau Biudžeto reikalų.
Be to, buvo apsvarstyti keli pranešimai, paskirti atstovai įvairiuose renginiuose.
Sesijos plenarinių posėdžių metu dominavo politiniai klausimai Irako problema, būsima Europa, jos konstitucija, etika rinkimuose, Čečenija ir jos perspektyvos ir pan. Mane labiau domina socialinės ekonominės problemos. Ataskaitos priede pateikiu pasisakymą diskusijoje dėl pranešimo Senstančios visuomenės iššūkiai socialinei politikai.
Priedas Nr. 1
Speech on Challenges of social policy in our aging society by Sigita Burbiene, Lithuania
Dear colleagues, the report presented today is really interesting and exhaustive. And I agree with the recommendation and shall vote in favor. Still I want to add some ideas that give some new angle on the problem concerned and I think are of vital importance.
First of all politicians speak very much about declining birthrates in Europe, sometimes forgetting that in many cases state as such can do much more for women and men to encourage them to have a child and not the only one. One of the measures could be maternity leave for women and men. As we had a document on the matter concerned adopted not long ago in Standing committee - I have in mind Resolution 1310 (2002) Maternity in Europe: improving social and health conditions, many of us realize - this was and still is a real problem in our days Europe. Even some weeks of maternity leave is inconceivable for many mothers, not speaking about fathers. But I am speaking not about a week or two, but for half a year or year, in order not to leave babies with sitters, not to ask grandparents to retire earlier, but to allow parents themselves to see the first steps of their child. It wont boost a baby boom, but will allow for most of women to adjust career with motherhood. And what is more important, it will show the attitude of the state, government and parliament towards the future of the country. Those who are afraid this would influence labor market, as workers could loose their qualification, has to realize, that this is very good investment in labor force and the future labor market and that the best workers are those who can be sure their family is OK. Qualification can be gained very quickly.
The second thing, I wanted to mention, is that - when we speak about difficulties of aging society we must know that aging societies problems are caused not only because of declining number of children, but - what seems paradoxical - because of high mortality rate of young persons, especially young men and especially from unnatural death causes. This causes disproportion of sexes in highest fertility age, this worsens the situation in social security, especially where the system pay as you go is prevailing, at least it reduce the number of most qualified and most capable workers. This problem needs complex solution, as it is caused by psychological as well as social problems, especially unemployment, poverty and social exclusion.
The third thing, that actually is not a problem as such. That is very active role of elder persons in politics. Im not sure about West Europe, but we have such a phenomenon in CEE. At the same time youngsters are not active, they prefer not to take part in elections, and this can cause temptations of politicians to do utmost to satisfy elder population, as they can vote for them, as sometimes this needs less time to see the results. At the same time at least a part of the problems raised in the report, could be solved taking measures to improve everyday life of the whole society, escaping even a shadow of confrontation between generations.