S.Burbienės, J.Čekuolio, S.Dmitrijevo, V.Landsbergio, D.Mikutienės ir V.Stankevičiaus komandiruotės į Prancūzijos Respubliką 2001 06 23-30 d. ataskaita
Ataskaita apie dalyvavimą sesijoje
Strasbūre, 2001 metų birželio 25 29 dienomis
Sesijos metu vyko du ekonominių reikalų ir plėtros komiteto posėdžiai, kurių metu buvo balsuojama už pataisas sesijos metu svartomiems pranešimams apie Europos plėtros ir rekonstrukcijos banko veiklą ir Europos vystymo banką, taip pat apsvarstyti pirminiai pranešimi apie Europos salų bei OECD valstybių situaciją.
Aš atsiskaičiau už atstovavimą komitetui Baltijos Asamblėjos sesijoje Rygoje 2001 metų gegužės 31 birželio 1 dienomis. Be to, papasakojau apie dalyvavimą Europos Viduržemio jūros regiono agrokultūrinėje konferencijoje Strasbūre birželio 1415 dienomis. Ataskaita apie dalyvavimą šioje konferencijoje yra atskirai.
Vėliau buvo paskirti pranešėjai naujiems pranešimams.
Sesijos metu buvo svarstomi šie klausimai: Turkijos įsipareigojimai, situacija buvusioje Jugoslavijos Republikoje Makedonijoje, Europos konvencija dėl bendradarbiavimo kovoje su nusikalstamumu, mirties bausmės panaikinimas ET stebėtojų statusą turinčiose valstybėse, jaunimo situacija kaimo vietovėse, vergovė namuose ir t.t. Mano kalbos pastaraisiais dviem klausimais pateikiu prieduose Nr. 1 ir 2.
Priedai Nr. 1 ir 2
Priedas Nr. 1
Domestic slavery 2001.06.26
The item we discuss is really worrying, though somebody can doubt about it. The problems at first sight looks much less important than trafficking of young women for prostitution or violence, when the victims are tortured, beaten or killed. Nevertheless we must understand this is much deeper problem and though it might seem not so visible, the consequences of domestic slavery are deep physical or mental injuries, or both.
By the way, I must mention, that only two men want to discuss on this item. It seems to be female, not human being question.
As it is said in the report, most of the domestic slaves are women from Africa, Latin America or Asia, though nobody can deny that a new generation will come from central or Eastern Europe. And we know problems with au pair girls, who works too much and are not adequate paid. The reasons are the same: poverty, few information, violence or threatening of relatives or other persons, or criminal elements. Different mentality doesnt help in this case. And for those so called employees the same reasons: no salary or very poor and full obedience. So we have two sides of the problem and must try to find way out. To solve the first one is to fight against poverty, to assist NGO that are working in this field, to make influence on the governments of domestic slaves donor countries, as they must concern for their citizens. But the second task is also very complicated: so called employers of course can be punished for illegal employment, if somebody can prove it, and we see victims are called guilty in many cases. But there is one more problem many of them feels themselves almost heroes, as they are saving poor creatures from poverty and those must be happy as they have roof, bed and something to eat, indeed in most cases better than in their own countries. And most of them are excellent parents, good workers and have high positions in society.
Im not sure our resolution will be known for them but perhaps some will rethink their behaviour. I am in favour of the document presented for us today.
Situation and prospects of young people in rural areas
Today we are discussing the item that actually concerns not 5, 10 or 20 % of inhabitants in our member states, we discuss the item that concerns historical and cultural heritage of our countries, the way of life that preserves a lot from our past, our identity, at the same time its our present and future and no country, even very highly developed and urbanised, say they can refuse their rural areas and agriculture.
Problems discussed today vary in every country, though there is much in common, most of it maintained in the report.
I can speak about Lithuanias example. We have almost 30% of population living in countryside, and 20% of our inhabitants involved in agriculture, though I must mention, there are different methods of estimating, so it's rather complicated to compare data from various countries.
Nevertheless, the percentage is high, as because of the unemployment in the cities, less and less youth, and not only, are migrating to cities. But what is much worse there is very high unemployment rate in villages too. In most cases it is hidden, as there is no need or no will to register in labour exchange. But you can understand that its not a real work when young man or women are working together with their parents, brothers or sisters in a plot size 1-2 hectares and their so called farm is simply natural one, as the prices are so low, that it is not useful even to sell the production. Even more - most of such persons (parents and children) have no social guaranties for pensions or even for health security as they are not hired by somebody and have too little money to pay for it.
Of course there are many good farms, but they are modern ones and need less employed persons. By the way, if we talk about low prices for farming production, I must say that those countries that were negotiating with WTO after Uruguay round were simply discriminated as they were not allowed to use any subsidies as it was and it is possible in EU countries.
So the perspective of youth that want to work in agriculture field are gloomy. And the problem is even much more complicated, as schools, especially secondary, are being closed, as they are expensive for local governments. So I congratulate item 6.II.c of the recommendation that promotes priority must be given to keeping rural primary and secondary schools open. It looks strange when experts from various institutions in the West advise us to optimise the educational system, make it cheaper, what indeed often means inevitable closure of the schools with small classes, most of them in rural areas. Because of shortages in local budgets, no school buses arrive to small and very small villages. So in such a case there will be no progress in rural areas and for our youth.
So I am in favour of the recommendation, though it could be much stronger. Thank you.